THE VINEYARD



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Today the Chambert vineyard covers 65Ha of the finest terroirs of the highest part of Cahors, 45 Ha of which are located directly around the château. The average height above sea level is 300m and only the best south-east facing slopes are planted with vines.

The vineyard area for making AOC Cahors is 80% Malbec and 17% Merlot. 3% of the estate is planted with Chardonnay.

The planting density of the vineyards is 4500 vines/Ha and 7400 vines/Ha for the vineyards planted since 2007.


A Great Terroir



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Chambert soils include: Limestone, Clay and Iron
(Terroir locations T5, T7 and T9)


The soil consists of two very distinct soil characteristics that exist in different proportions for each of the 100 plots and provide infinite complexity for the final wine: White clay and limestone from oysters and fossilized marine life coated in decomposed clay ( Kimmeridgien period, 150 to 155 million years ago), identical to the soil found in Chablis. These soils give the Chambert wines their mineral precision, elegant acidity and great length.

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Limestone (T5 and T9) - Winter

Red Clay (Siderolithic) : a clay with very high concentrations of iron that was formed at a time when the land of Chambert resembled a tropical rainforest. (Eocene period, 34 to 56 million years ago). This type of soil gives the wine power and aromas of brooding black fruit.

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Clay & Iron over limestone base (T7) - Winter



Grapes

Malbec, the historic grape of Cahors, is known locally as Côt Noir or Auxerrois, and it represents 80% of the vines planted at Chambert. This variety requires a great deal of care and provides very fruity and powerful wines. Merlot, an aromatic and supple varietal, represents 17% of the domain, and the remaining 3% of vines are Chardonnay.
Note: a wine produced in the AOC Cahors area must contain a mandatory minimum of 70% Malbec and only the varieties of Merlot to Tannat can complete this blend.


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Malbec vine, 40 years old